Wednesday, November 26, 2014

Issue 128(3) published

We published volume 128 issue 3 of The Canadian Field-Naturalist in October.  The cover received a lot of praise from icthyologists - fish are beautiful!



Tributes and Obituaries

Book Reviews

Club Reports

Tuesday, October 21, 2014

Osprey Entanglement (guest blog post)

Communication is an essential part of science. The Canadian Field-Naturalist wants to encourage science communication among Canada's early-career naturalists. Below is a story about a research article in issue 128(2), authored by Lauren Banks, a first year Environmental Science graduate student at Trent University. Lauren was not involved in this study.

Living in harmony

Good science is predicated on attention to detail, as one of the Myth Busters from the show of the same name said, “the only difference between science and screwing around is writing it down”. Great science, however, involves intricate planning based on clear objectives. The researchers and citizen scientists involved with this study skillfully combined both of these wisdoms to create a clear, unbiased evaluation of the effects of polypropylene baling twine and its use and implications for nest building by Osprey and their nestlings.

File:Pandion haliaetus -Belize -building nest-8.jpg
Figure 1- A pair of Osprey building a nest. Photo by Jerry Kirkhart, courtesy of Wikipedia.
Like many ecological questions, this study was inspired by observations about nature. In this case, researchers noticed discarded baling twine (used to wrap hay bales) en route to various Osprey nesting sites they were surveying. Osprey often incorporate people’s discarded items, such as string or baling twine, as nesting material. Though these items can provide more access to materials for nest construction, some of these materials may entangle nestlings. The researchers wanted to investigate to what extent Osprey used these items, and whether there was an increased risk of entanglement if baling twine was used to construct a nest.

The setup

The study area was in Yellowstone River floodplain, an area that encompasses a variety of anthropogenic land uses. During 2012 and 2013, both the researchers and citizen scientists monitored Osprey nests within the study area. Based on 71 nests, buffer zones around each nest were created to evaluate potential roadsides for baling twine collection. As a proxy for rural to urban land-use, the researchers used GIS to map road density, based on total length of roads, in each buffer zone.

Baling twine more abundant in rural areas

Of the 65 nests that were initially selected for baling twine assessment, 38 met the criteria for this study. Interestingly, all 65 Osprey nest sites were constructed on human-made structures, such as power poles, nest platforms, and bridges.

Surveys of the nests themselves revealed that there were almost twice as many nests constructed with twine in rural landscapes than in urban areas. However, Osprey used a similar amount of twine regardless of twine availability in areas surrounding their nest.  This can partially be attributed to Osprey behavior; Osprey use objects that are noticeable or unnatural to show other Osprey that the territory near the nest is taken by an Osprey of high social status and nest building prowess. Perhaps twine might not be the most desirable material to use for this display of dominance.

A new approach

Being one of very few studies to evaluate baling twine and impacts on nest building and nestlings, the researchers have delved into unchartered territory and are effectively creating a map for future assessment. In agricultural areas, hay pastures and feedlots can produce lots of baling twine, some 115m of twine per bail (Houston and Scott 2006). With sometimes haphazard disposal, it’s probable that baling twine can be transported from unsecured piles to roadsides and eventually to Osprey nests. Beyond simply finding twine in roadsides and nests, there are tangible impacts for nestlings. Twine is slow to degrade, so if a young nestling becomes tangled in baling twine, it’s unlikely the Osprey parent would be able to disentangle their young (without the help of humans). Use of baling twine has real consequences for Osprey, whether it is on a statistical or real-time level. In addition to developing a meticulous sampling protocol, the researchers also engaged with another crucial component, people.

A key aspect of this study was partnership with citizen scientists, which allowed for more extensive nest observation, and with the non-profit Yellowstone Valley Audubon Society, which aided in developing educational materials based on the results of this study. Cultivating solutions, such as short-term clean up efforts and educating farmers and ranchers about the issues associated with improperly disposing of baling twine. Long-term alternatives like netting or wraps, materials that Osprey don’t appear to use, can affect fundamental change and help protect species with which we share the planet.

Article Citation: Seacor, R., Ostovar, K., Restani, M. 2014. Distribution and abundance of baling twine in the landscape near Osprey (Pandion haliaetus) nests: Implications for nestling entanglement. Canadian Field-Naturalist 128: 173–178.

The corresponding author for the study, Dr. Marco Restani of St. Cloud State University, welcomes questions about the research.

Reference cited: Houston, C. S., and F. Scott. 2006. Entanglement threatens Ospreys at Saskatchewan nests. Journal of Raptor Research 40: 226–228.

Lauren Banks is an Environmental Science Master's student at Trent University in Peterborough. She studies freshwater plants, but curiosity has lead her to adventures with bees, martens, and farming.

Issue 128(2) published

We published volume 128 issue 2 in July.  Its articles received a lot of attention.  The findings of one of the articles (on single raptor fathers' parental care) even found its way into a biology video game at the Royal Ontario Museum!


Effectiveness of stream sampling methods in capturing non-native Rusty Crayfish (Orconectes rusticus) in Ontario (111-118)
Scott M. Reid, Jane Devlin

Estimating breeding bird survey trends and annual indices for Canada: how do the new hierarchical Bayesian estimates differ from previous estimates? (119-134)
Adam C. Smith, Marie-Anne R. Hudson, Constance Downes, Charles M. Francis

Acoustic monitoring of migratory birds over western Lake Erie: avian responses to barriers and the importance of islands (135-144)
Claire E. Sanders, Daniel J. Mennill

Parental care by lone male Ferruginous Hawks (Buteo regalis), Rough-legged Hawks (Buteo lagopus), and Great Horned Owls (Bubo virginianus) was limited to providing food (145-150)
Josef K. Schmutz, Martin A. Gérard, Gordon S. Court, R. Wayne Nelson

Apparent widespread decline of the Boreal Chorus Frog (Pseudacris maculata) in eastern Ottawa (151-157)
David C. Seburn, Kari Gunson, Frederick W. Schueler

Activity and diet of bats in conventional versus organic apple orchards in southern Michigan (158-164)
Brenna L. Long, Allen Kurta

Decline in breeding of the Great Black-backed Gull, Larus marinus, and the Herring Gull, L. argentatus, on Boot Island, Nova Scotia, 1986 to 2010 (165-172)
Colin M. MacKinnon, Andrew C. Kennedy

Distribution and abundance of baling twine in the landscape near Osprey (Pandion haliaetus) nests: implications for nestling entanglement (173-178)
Renee Seacor, Kayhan Ostovar, Marco Restani

Cues used by predators to detect freshwater turtle nests may persist late into incubation (179-188)
Julia L. Riley, Jacqueline D. Litzgus

A Gray Wolf (Canis lupus) delivers live prey to a pup (189-190)
L. David Mech

Assessing capture success of small mammals due to trap orientation in field–forest edge habitat (191-194)
Daniel M. Wolcott, Madison R. Ackerman, Michael L. Kennedy

Effect of food patch discovery on the number of American Crows (Corvus brachyrhynchos) using a flight lane (195-199)
William Langley

Muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus) interference with aquatic invertebrate traps (200-203)
Michael C. Cavallaro, Anson R. Main, Christy A. Morrissey

Pygmy Shrew (Sorex hoyi) in Montana east of the Rocky Mountains with comments on its distribution across the northern Great Plains (204-206)
Paul Hendricks, Susan Lenard

Book Reviews
"Animals of the Serengeti and Ngorongoro Conservation Area" by Adam S. Kennedy; and "Birds of the Serengeti and Ngorongoro Conservation Area" by Adam S. Kennedy & Vicki Kennedy. 2014. [book reviews] (207-208)
Robert F. Foster

"Rare Birds of North America" by Steve Howell. 2013. [book review] (209)
Roy John

"Deer" by John Fletcher. 2014. [book review] (210-211)
Jonathan Way

"Dolphin" by Alan Rauch. 2014. [book review] (211-212)
Roy John

"Wild Again: The Struggle to Save the Black-footed Ferret" by David Jachowski. 2014. [book review] (212-214)
Jonathan Way

"Ecology 3rd Edition" by Michael Cain et al. 2014. [book review] (214)
Roger D. Applegate

"The Once and Future Great Lakes Country: An Ecological History" by John Riley. 2013. [book review] (215)
Bev McBride

New titles (216)

News and Comment
Upcoming meetings; Raptor workshop; Retirement of Associate Editor C. D. Bird; Obituary for Farley Mowat 1921–2014 (217-219)
Carolyn C. Callaghan

Club Reports
Editor’s Report for Volume 127 (2013) (220-222)
Carolyn C. Callaghan

Wednesday, June 11, 2014

Keji Park: beauty on the rocks (guest blog post)

Communication is an essential part of science. The Canadian Field-Naturalist wants to encourage science communication among Canada's early-career naturalists. Below is a story about a research article in our latest issue, authored by Lauren Banks, a first year Environmental Science graduate student at Trent University. Lauren was not involved in this study.

Kejimkujik (Keji) National Park is shining example of conservation and natural history research in Nova Scotia. Collaborative projects in the park range from working with species at risk like Blanding’s Turtle to providing environmental education to visitors. The intricate river and lake system and surrounding area in Keji is the result of a sustained interaction of biota and geology creating unique networks of ecosystems that have attracted researchers across Canada.
Map of Kejimkujik (Keji) National Park
Figure 1 Kejimkujik (Keji) National Park, Nova Scotia. Map created by Jay Fitzsimmons from Google Maps base layer.
Nova Scotia has a diverse geological history dating over a billion years. The Southwest region of the province, where Keji is located, resulted from a geological mish-mash primarily composed of slate, quartzite, and granite bedrock. Unlike softer rocks like limestone, which erodes and releases minerals like calcium carbonate, Keji’s bedrock doesn’t readily erode. With minimal erosion occurring, lakes in the park generally have a low mineral content. Though this is a naturally occurring phenomenon, the lack of minerals in the water can make these lakes susceptible to acidification.

Nova Scotia is often referred to as the ‘tailpipe’ of the eastern seaboard, due to the eastbound wind of the jet stream that can bring air pollutants from central Canada to Nova Scotia. These pollutants can include nitrogen oxides (NOx) and sulphur dioxides (SOx). Once airborne, NOx and SOx can interact with other substances in the atmosphere, resulting in acid rain, acid fog, or even acid snow. Though emission and deposition of these pollutants have declined from their peak deposition in the 1970s and 80s, the effects are still measureable in Keji’s lakes. Due to bedrock geology, these lakes lack a natural ability to buffer the effects of acid rain. This medley of distinctive ecological and geological qualities has created a fascinating setting to ask questions about the environmental effects of acid rain on the most vulnerable types of lakes.

Acid rain biomonitoring

As a part of the Acid Rain Biomonitoring Program, scientists with Environment Canada wanted to know about the impacts of an increasingly acidic environment on invertebrates in Keji’s lakes. In addition, they wanted to establish a baseline of invertebrate diversity and abundance, and assess the potential of using certain species as bioindicators of lake health. Invertebrates play an integral role in the aquatic food web, from filtering algae and assisting with decomposition of plant matter to being a primary food source for fish and waterfowl species. Presence, abundance, and taxa diversity of invertebrates can provide a snapshot of ecosystem structure and function.

This study used different sampling methods to target different types of invertebrates; if you want to survey many types of invertebrates you have to do many types of sampling. In June 2009 and 2010, three sampling methods were used in 20 acidic lakes in and adjacent to Keji. Each of these methods targets different habitats, and together they provided the researchers with a sense of the diversity of invertebrates in these lakes. This aspect of the study is unique, as researchers often focus solely on one species or only use one of these techniques. Zooplankton, generally small free-floating invertebrates, were sampled at the deepest part of the lake using a vertical net haul. The researchers also set minnow traps to get a sense of fish abundance.

Acidic lakes dominated by a few hardy species

Acidity and calcium concentration appeared to be the main drivers of invertebrate abundance and diversity in these lakes. Lakes that had higher calcium and less acidity generally had higher species richness. In acidic lakes fewer taxa were collected, with isopods, beetles, and worms being most abundant. One species of isopod constituted over 30% of the invertebrate populations of 11 of 20 lakes, and seemed to flourish in acidic lakes with low calcium. Two acid-tolerant amphipod species were collected in 55% and 95% of all sampled lakes. Amphipods generally have a shrimp-like appearance and are often called scuds. Snails and clams require calcium to build their shells, and both groups were not found in lakes that were moderately to strongly acidic. Other invertebrates that appeared to be vulnerable to acidic water include leeches, mayflies, and daphnia zooplankton.

Hyalella azteca, the most abundant amphipod in sampled lakes
Figure 2 - Hyalella azteca, the most abundant amphipod in sampled lakes. Photo by Scott Bauer, courtesy of the US Dept. of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service.
These results suggest that the invertebrate community is dominated by a few hardy species in acidic lake environments. Having a low number of prey species at the base of the lake food chain can have impacts far beyond the invertebrate communities themselves, since invertebrates are an important food source for many fish and waterfowl.

Lakes vs. rivers for biomonitoring

Invertebrates are often used as bioindicators of pollution in rivers, but their use as bioindicators in lakes is less routine. Invertebrates have proven useful as bioindicators to monitor pollution in rivers and streams. In rivers and streams, the EPT index has been widely applied to monitor changes to these ecosystems. EPT is an acronym for mayflies (Ephemeroptera), stoneflies (Plecoptera), and caddisflies (Trichoptera), which are all pollution-sensitive taxa. Though both aquatic ecosystems, lakes and rivers/streams provide vastly different habitats for invertebrates. The EPT index may not be as useful a bioindicator for lakes as for rivers. Understanding invertebrate community dynamics in acid-sensitive lakes is an important step in developing an index to monitor changes to invertebrate communities in lakes.

This study was the first study to perform an inventory of invertebrates in a broad range of lakes at Keji. This baseline can serve as a useful tool for researchers and the public to track changes in the invertebrate community for years to come. However, no invertebrate inventory was completed during the peak of nitrogen oxide and sulphur dioxide deposition, so we may never know the true extent of impacts of acid rain on invertebrates. Continuous environmental and ecological monitoring is essential for understanding the changing environment and our role in environmental degradation and future remediation.

Nussbaumer, C., Burgess, N.M., & Weeber, R.C. 2014. Distribution and Abundance of Benthic Macroinvertebrates and Zooplankton in Lakes in Kejimkujik National Park and National Historic Site of Canada, Nova Scotia. The Canadian Field-Naturalist 128(1):1-24.
Lauren Banks - portrait
Lauren Banks is an Environmental Science Master's student at Trent University in Peterborough. She studies freshwater plants, but curiosity has lead her to adventures with bees, martens, and farming.

Wednesday, April 2, 2014

New issue: vol 128 issue 1 (on time!)

We published our Jan-March 2014 issue IN JAN-MARCH 2014!!!  It's like we're in a time portal ... but the opposite ... so I guess it's like we're living in real time.  Trippy.

This issue has great breadth of topics and taxa, including:
-Illustrated key to small mammals' jaws (great for figuring out diet from predators' scat)
-Varied (and beautiful) pigmentation patterns among Nova Scotia's Maritime Gartersnakes (see our cover photo below)
-A tropical moth in northern Manitoba
-Eggshell thickness in the context of natural history for Common Murres
-Tough-as-nails lynx crossing frigid glacial rivers, repeatedly


Distribution and abundance of benthic macroinvertebrates and zooplankton in lakes in Kejimkujik National Park and National Historic Site of Canada, Nova Scotia (1-24)
Christina Nussbaumer, Neil M. Burgess, Russ C. Weeber

An illustrated key to the mandibles of small mammals of eastern Canada (25-37)
Dominique Fauteux, Gilles Lupien, François Fabianek, Jonathan Gagnon, Marion Séguy, Louis Imbeau

Characteristics of Barred Owl (Strix varia) nest sites in Manitoba, Canada (38-43)
Todd M. Whiklo, James R. Duncan

Yellow Warblers (Setophaga petechia) rear second broods in some years at Delta Marsh, Manitoba (44-49)
Spencer G. Sealy

Asynchronous breeding and variable embryonic development period in the threatened Northern Leopard Frog (Lithobates pipiens) in the Cypress Hills, Alberta, Canada: conservation and management implications (50-56)
Lea A. Randall, Lynne D. Chalmers, Axel Moehrenschlager, Anthony P. Russell

Diet of the Pacific Sand Lance (Ammodytes hexapterus) in the Salish Sea, British Columbia, in the 1960s (57-62)
J. Mark Hipfner, Moira Galbraith

Melanistic diversity in the Maritime Gartersnake, Thamnophis sirtalis pallidulus, in Nova Scotia, Canada (63-71)
John Gilhen, Fred W. Scott

Thickness of Common Murre (Uria aalge) eggshells in Atlantic Canada (72-76)
Donald W. Pirie-Hay, Alexander L. Bond
[see author Alex Bond's blog post with the story behind this research project]

The most northerly Black Witch (Ascalapha odorata): a tropical moth in the Canadian Arctic (77-79)
Torbjørn Ekrem, Peter G. Kevan, Thomas S. Woodcock, Paul D. N. Hebert

Multiple crossings of a large glacial river by Canada Lynx (Lynx canadensis) (80-83)
Dashiell Feierabend, Knut Kielland

Tributes and Obituaries
A tribute to Kenneth William Stewart, 1936–2011 (84-90)
Francis R. Cook

Book Reviews
"Into the Night: Tales of Nocturnal Wildlife Expeditions" edited by Rick A. Adams. 2013. [book review] (91-92)
Burton K. Lim

"Owls" by Marianne Taylor. 2012. [book review] (92)
Renate Sander-Regier

"A Pocket Guide to Salamanders of Pennsylvania" by Walter E. Meshaka, Jr., and Joseph T. Collins. 2012. [book review] (93)
Francis R. Cook

"Snapper" by Brian Kimberling. 2013. [book review] (93-95)
Ron Brooks

"The Crossley ID Guide to Britain and Ireland" by Richard Crossley and Dominic Couzens. 2013. [book review] (95)
Roy John

"The Warbler Guide" by Tom Stephenson and Scott Whittle. 2013. [book review] (96)
Mark Gawn

"Yellowstone Wildlife: Ecology and Natural History of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem" by Paul A. Johnsgard. 2013. [book review] (96-97)
Jim O'Neill

"Yellowstone Wildlife: Ecology and Natural History of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem" by Paul A. Johnsgard. 2013. [book review] (97-98)
Jonathan Way

"Field Manual of Michigan Flora" by E. G. Voss, and A. A. Reznicek. 2013. [book review] (99)
Holly J. Bickerton

"North Pacific Temperate Rainforests: Ecology and Conservation" edited by Gordon H. Orians and John W. Schoen. 2013. [book review] (100-101)
Cyndi M. Smith

"A Love Affair With the Birds: The Life of Thomas Sadler Roberts" by Sue Leaf. 2013. [book review] (101-103)
C. Stuart Houston

"Bootstrap Geologist: My Life in Science" by Gene Shinn. 2013. [book review] (103-104)
Alwynne B. Beaudoin

"Tracks and Shadows: Field Biology as Art" by Harry W. Greene. 2013. [book review] (104-105)
David Seburn

"Alfred Russel Wallace (2013) On the Organic Law of Change: A Facsimile Edition and Annotated Transcription of Alfred Russel Wallace’s Species Notebook of 1855–1859" annotated by James T. Costa. 2013. [book review] (105-107)
Alwynne B. Beaudoin

New titles (108-109)
Roy John

News and Comment
Meetings: Canadian Botanical Association 2014; International Conference on Biodiversity & Sustainable Energy Development 2014; Botany 2014 (110)

Thursday, January 16, 2014

ANOTHER new issue: vol 127 issue 4

We just published our latest issue (volume 127 issue 4, Oct-Dec 2013).  If this sounds familiar, that's because we've published three issues in three months - an unorthodox pace for a quarterly journal! With the publication of this issue, we are officially caught up in our publication schedule!

A big thank you to all of the authors, reviewers, editors, and others who helped us catch up. Drs. Cook, Callaghan, and Rytwinski deserve special thanks for their incredible efforts as past, present, and interim Editors-in-Chief, respectively. And thank you, loyal reader, for your patience as we have been so busy lately with this publication schedule. We do what we do for readers like you.

This issue has great research from across the taxonomic spectrum.  This includes a Canada Lynx article (of cover photo fame) with HD videos of Lynx behaviour, and a Wolverine article that is garnering significant media attention (e.g., CTV News with video, and a story written by Tyler Irving that was published by various outlets including the Vancouver Sun, Globe & Mail, and CBC). Meanwhile Tom Spears with The Ottawa Citizen picked up on our article about an alvar-inhabiting orchid in eastern Ontario. Browse our table of contents below to see what piques your fancy.

Covers pdf

Density and abundance of the Freshwater Pearl Mussel, Margaritifera margaritifera, in the Kennebecasis River, New Brunswick and evidence of recent recruitment (303-309)
M. C. Sollows, Donald F. McAlpine, K. R. Munkittrick

Canada Lynx (Lynx canadensis) detection and behaviour using remote cameras during the breeding season (310-318)
Shannon M. Crowley, Dexter P. Hodder, Karl W. Larsen
Video of a group of lynx:
Video of lynx scent-marking:

Invasion of Rosa rugosa (Rugosa Rose) into coastal plant communities of Brier Island, Nova Scotia (319-331)
David J. Garbary, Nicholas M. Hill, Anthony G. Miller

New and noteworthy records of Orthoptera and allies in the Maritimes and the Îles-de-la-Madeleine, Quebec (332-337)
Paul M. Catling, Donald F. McAlpine, Christopher I. G. Adam, Gilles Belliveau, Denis Doucet, Aaron D. Fairweather, David Malloch, Dwayne L. Sabine, A. W. Thomas

Isotopic evidence of salmon, Oncorhynchus spp., in the diet of the Wolverine, Gulo gulo, on Princess Royal Island, British Columbia (338-342)
Thomas F. Shardlow

Attempted conspecific cavity usurpation by Red-headed Woodpeckers (Melanerpes erythrocephalus) (343-345)
Jacob L. Berl, John W. Edwards, Jeff S. Bolsinger

Attempted predation of a diurnally active Spotted Bat (Euderma maculatum) by a Belted Kingfisher (Megaceryle alcyon) (346-347)
Thomas S. Jung

Great Plains Ladies’-tresses, Spiranthes magnicamporum: disjunct in eastern Ontario and a new orchid species for the Ottawa District and Lanark County (348-351)
Joyce M. Reddoch, Paul M. Catling, Allan H. Reddoch

Tributes and Obituaries
A tribute to Laurie Lynn Consaul, 1960–2012 (352-357)
Lynn Gillespie

A tribute to John Roger Bider, 1932–2013 (358-365)
Rodger D. Titman, G. Jean Doucet, Gregory Weil, David M. Bird

Book Reviews
"In The Presence of Buffalo: Working to Stop the Yellowstone Slaughter" by Daniel Brister. 2013. [book review] (366-367)
Jon Way

"Frogs of the United States and Canada (2 Volumes)" by C. Kenneth Dodd Jr. 2013. [book review] (368-369)
Francis R. Cook

"Frogs of the United States and Canada (2 Volumes)" by C. Kenneth Dodd Jr. 2013. [book review] (369-370)
David Seburn

"Enter the Realm of the Golden Eagle" by David H. Ellis. 2013. [book review] (370-371)
C. Stuart Houston

"Looking for the Goshawk" by Conor Mark Jameson. 2013. [book review] (371)
Roy John

"Rare Animals of India" edited by Natarajan Singaravelan. 2013. [book review] (372-373)
Roy John

"The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Trees. Second Edition." by David More and John White. 2013. [book review] (373-374)
Bev McBride

"Walking Wild Shores: Portraits of the Natural World" by Kevin Winker. 2013. [book review] (374-375)
Bev McBride

"The Efficiency Trap: Finding a Better Way to Achieve a Sustainable Energy Future" by Steve Hallett. 2013. [book review] (375-376)
Jim O'Neill

New titles (377)
Roy John

News and Comment
The Canadian Herpetologist latest issue; Upcoming meetings (378)

Club Reports
The Ottawa Field-Naturalists’ Club Awards for 2012, Presented April 2013 (379-384)
Eleanor Zurbrigg, Irwin Brodo, Julia Cipriani, Christine Hanrahan, Ann MacKenzie

Index to Volume 127 (385-394)
William Halliday

Monday, December 30, 2013

New issue: vol 127 issue 3

Our latest issue was published earlier this month. I'm a little late posting the table of contents on our blog - things have been hectic publishing so many issues so quickly.  It's a great "problem" to have!  Our next issue is scheduled to be published in two weeks, which will make us FULLY CAUGHT UP IN OUR PUBLICATION SCHEDULE!  Which I may have just jinxed by publicly expressing hope.

Volume 127 issue 3 has something for everyone, and its articles have attracted significant (yup, P<0.05) media attention.  The research articles include:

  • Two articles authored by teens, on biocontrol wasps and the effects of a fungal rust on Highbush Cranberry (press release)
  • Description of a likely subspecies of alvar-inhabiting butterfly in Ontario (with beautiful cover photo)
  • How scavenging crows avoid getting hit by cars
  • Fossil aquatic reptiles in the Yukon
  • Lichen diversity in second-growth forest
  • New bat species records for Labrador

Covers - Editorial Board and Publication Information (cover)

Abundance, distribution, and species assemblages of colonial waterbirds in the boreal region of west-central Manitoba and east-central Saskatchewan (203-210)
        Scott Wilson

War of the wasps: is Diadegma insulare or Microplitis plutellae a more effective parasitoid of the Diamondback Moth, Plutella xylostella? (211-215)
        Adamo Young

Survey methodology for the detection of Wood Turtles (Glyptemys insculpta) (216-223)
        Melissa Flanagan,       Vanessa Roy-McDougall,  Graham Forbes,  Glen Forbes

An alvar race of the  couperi  subspecies of the Silvery Blue (Glaucopsyche lygdamus couperi) in Southeastern Ontario? (224-228)
        Paul M. Catling,        Ross A. Layberry

Behaviour of American Crows (Corvus brachyrhynchos) when encountering an oncoming vehicle (229-233)
        Shomen Mukherjee,       Jayanti Ray-Mukherjee,  Robin Sarabia

First records of a Plesiosaurian (Reptilia: Sauropterygia) and an Ichthyosaur (Reptilia: Ichthyosauria) from Yukon, Canada (234-239)
        James A. Campbell,      Claudia J. Schröder-Adams,      James W. Haggart,       Patrick S. Drucken-Miller, Michael J. Ryan,        Grant D. Zazula

Lichen biodiversity and conservation status in the Copeland Forest Resources Management Area: a lichen-rich second-growth forest in southern Ontario (240-254)
        R. Troy McMullin,       James C. Lendemer

Home site fidelity in Black Rockfish, Sebastes melanops, reintroduced into a fjord environment (255-261)
        Jeff Marliave,  Alejandro Frid, David W. Welch, Aswea D. Porter

Historical distribution records and new records confirm and extend the distribution of the Silver Lamprey, Ichthyomyzon unicuspis, in the Hayes River, Hudson Bay watershed, Manitoba (262-265)
        J. David Tyson, Douglas A. Watkinson

First records of the Northern Myotis (Myotis septentrionalis) from Labrador and summer distribution records and biology of Little Brown Bats (Myotis lucifugus) in southern Labrador (266-269)
        Hugh G. Broders,        Lynne E. Burns, Sara C. McCarthy

Impact of the rust Puccinia linkii on Highbush Cranberry, Viburnum edule, near Smithers, British Columbia (270-273)
        Kiri Daust

Young Scientists and their Mentors (274)
        Carolyn Callaghan

Book Reviews
"The Eponym Dictionary of Amphibians" by Bo Beolens et al. 2013. [book review] (275-276)
        Francis R. Cook

"Field Guide to Jewel Beetles (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) of Northeastern North America" by S. M. Paiero et al. 2012. [book review] (276-277)
        Robert F. Foster

"The Boreal Owl: Ecology, Behaviour and Conservation of a Forest-dwelling Predator" by Erkki Korpimaki and Harri Hakkarainen. 2012. [book review] (277-278)
        C. Stuart Houston

"Primates of the World – An Illustrated Guide" by Jean-Jacques Petter and François Desbordes (Translated by Robert Martin). 2013. [book review] (278-279)
        Roy John

"Pterosaurs" by Mark P. Witton. 2013. [book review] (279)
        Randy Lauff

"The Secret World of Red Wolves: The Fight to Save North America’s Other Wolf" by T. DeLene Beeland. 2013. [book review] (280-281)
        Jonathan G. Way

"An Introduction to Population Genetics: Theory and Application" by Erasmus Nielsen and Montgomery Slatkin. 2013. [book review] (281-282)
        Roger D. Applegate

"The Reindeer Botanist: Alf Erling Porsild, 1901–1977" by Wendy Dathan. 2012. [book review] (282-283)
        Tyler William Smith

"Alexander Wilson, the Scot who Founded American Ornithology" by Edward H. Burtt, Jr. and William E. Davis, Jr. 2013. [book review] (283-284)
        C. Stuart Houston

New titles (284)
        Roy John

News and Comment
Using Coefficients of Conservatism and the Floristic Quality Index to Assess the Potential for Serious and Irreversible Damage to Plant Communities (285-288)
        Paul M. Catling

Revisions to the OFNC Constitution and By-Laws; The Society for Integrative & Comparative Biology Annual Meeting 2014 (288)

Club Reports
Minutes of the 134th Annual Business Meeting of The Ottawa Field-Naturalists’ Club January 15, 2013 (289-302)
        Ann MacKenzie